Doris Cevallos Zambrano defends her thesis

The Universities Intervened by the Council of Higher Education in Ecuador

A little over a month ago, To Inn reported through its Facebook page about the successful completion of the doctoral thesis reading of the, now, Dr. Doris Cevallos Zambrano. It is a special occasion because the defense was carried out in the same University of Barcelona and she is one of the academic coordinators of the To Inn project in representation of the Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí University. Therefore, today from our website we proudly share the informative summary of your research.

The doctoral thesis presents a case study of the universities intervened in Ecuador taking five higher education institutions as part of the intervention process carried out by the Higher Education Council (CES). The research is oriented to carry out an analysis in the five universities contributing with the understanding of this management model that is used in Ecuador.

The intervention process is established in the Organic Law of Higher Education – LOES, as an academic and administrative measure, of a precautionary and temporary nature, resolved by the CES, aimed at solving problems that threaten the normal functioning of universities and schools polytechnic, to maintain the continuity of the processes in the university, to assure and preserve the quality of management and to protect the institutional patrimony.

The doctoral thesis aims to describe, analyze and understand the processes of intervention in the universities of Ecuador and their effects. Through a case study of the five universities intervened in Ecuador that will allow a better foundation of their findings.
Its content seeks to respond to the questions raised and achieve the objectives programmed for it was necessary to comply with a structure, which begins with a presentation of introductory aspects delimiting the subject of study, objectives and justification. It continues with the social, contextual and normative framework on which the intervention process is based, evidencing the realities of the universities involved, their context and the reality of Ecuadorian higher education.

Subsequently, the empirical study of the research is designed to be essentially qualitative research, based on the mixed approach, with a qualitative predominance, descriptive and analytical, based on the study of multiple cases, with five units of analysis.

Once that is defined, the strategies are applied through the interview guide tools applied to ten managers of the higher education system grouped into: three rectors, a former rector, three auditors and three national authorities involved with state councils. The survey questionnaire applied to 4,277 people from the university community of the five universities studied, was aimed at three groups of groups: teachers, students and administrative servants. Both instruments were systematized in the software NVivo and SPSS, respectively.

Additionally, documentary analysis is used to compile information, among which the information of the financial statements of the universities and the intervention costs stand out. Then, as a whole, it is analyzed, interpreted and discussed with respect to its most relevant elements, from the point of view of the author, arriving at the conclusions that allow to verify the fulfillment of the objectives. Among its results it is evident that the intervention process is viewed positively by the majority of the population investigated, identifying opinions on aspects that should be improved in the planning, development and monitoring of the intervention process, and should be considered for future decisions.

At the end of the thesis the conclusions reached are presented and the final orientations were elaborated in which a management design is exposed as a proposal regarding how the intervention process can be strengthened.